Knoxville Institute of Dermatology

Atopic Dermatitis is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition characterized as dry, itchy skin often appearing as a red rash. Eczema is very common, and in many cases, manageable. In fact, over 30 million Americas are affected. There are many types of dermatitis including contact, dyshidrotic, nummular, and seborrheic.

What causes AD?

Eczema is believed to be triggered by an over-active immune system that responds aggressively when exposed to irritants. Triggers and other allergens can be determined through patch testing.

Common triggers include:

  1. Chemicals found in cleaners and detergents
  2. Wool and synthetic fabrics
  3. Stress
  4. Food Allergies

Eczema is more common in children, but also in other individuals who suffer from asthma, hay fever, or have a family history of the condition. It can occur anywhere on the body, but usually affects the arms, inner elbows, backs of the knees, or scalp.

How can I treat my eczema?

Treatment methods vary depending on the severity of your condition.  OTC antihistamines, prescription strength topical steroids, immunosuppressants, and biologic medications can be used to treat atopic dermatitis. You can also try treating with wet wraps, bleach baths, and soak and smear techniques at home. Avoiding products with fragrance, using Dove unscented bar soaps, and moisturizing daily with a thick cream is also recommended.

Here are some of our favorite moisturizers:


If you’re ITCHING for an appointment, call our office today to schedule a visit with one of our board certified dermatologists!